Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales

Architecture & Buildings

Europe, Spain, Madrid

The Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (Spanish: National Museum of Natural Sciences) is the National Museum of Natural History of Spain. It is situated in the center of Madrid, by the Paseo de la Castellana. It is managed by the Spanish National Research Council. The Museum was created in 1772 by Charles III of Spain as the Gabinete Real de Historia Natural, changing names several times until its current denomination. The museum originally hosted a collection donated by a spanish merchant, Pedro F. Dávila. In 1867, some facilities were separated to give birth to other museums (Archeology, Botanic Garden, Zoologic Garden). In 1987 the museum was restructured and grown with funds from two smaller museums. Some of the more relevant components of the Museum collections are: A Megatherium brought from Argentina in 1789. A Diplodocus donated by Andrew Carnegie to Alfonso XIII of Spain The museum shares a big building, the Palacio de Exposiciones de las Artes e Industrias with the Industrial Engineering School of the Technical University of Madrid. The research departments of the museum are: Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology Evolutionary Ecology Paleobiology Vulcanology Geology