Perm (Russian: Пермь, IPA: [ˈpʲɛrmʲ]; Komi-Permyak: Перем, Perem; Komi: Перым, Perym) is a city and the administrative center of Perm Krai, Russia. It is situated on the banks of the Kama River, in the European part of Russia near the Ural Mountains. From 1940 to 1957 Perm was named Molotov (Мо́лотов).
According to the preliminary results of the 2010 Census, Perm's population is 991,500, down from 1,001,653 recorded in the 2002 Census and 1,090,944 recorded in 1989 Census. As of the 2010 Census, the city was the thirteenth most populous in Russia.
Perm is served by Bolshoye Savino Airport and hosts Bakharevka air base.
The word "Perm" is probably Komi or Veps in origin. "Parma" is translated from Komi-Permyak language as a hilly place, covered with woods. Alternatively, the name may originate from the Veps term "Peramaa" or "Perama" (English for "distant land"). It is widely believed that the geologist Sir Roderick Murchison coined the name of the Permian geologic period from the ancient kingdom of Permia.